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Gear Pumps

$ 2,125.00$ 6,879.00

Advantages
  • Only two moving parts
  • Only one stuffing box
  • Non-pulsating discharge
  • Excellent for high-viscosity liquids
  • Constant and even discharge regardless of pressure conditions
  • Operates well in either direction
  • Can be made to operate with one direction of flow with either rotation
  • Low NPSH required
  • Single adjustable end clearance
  • Easy to maintain
  • Flexible design offers application customization
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Description

Gear PumpsGear Pumps use the meshing of gears to pump fluid by displacement.

Gear pumps are also widely used in chemical installations to pump high viscosity fluids. There are two main variations; external gear pumps which use two external spur gears, and internal gear pumps which use an external and an internal spur gears (internal spur gear teeth face inwards, see below).

Finally, the pumps are positive displacement (or fixed displacement), meaning they pump a constant amount of fluid for each revolution. Some gear pumps are designed to function as either a motor or a pump.

 

Theory of operation

 

As the gears rotate they separate on the intake side of the pump, creating a void and suction which is filled by fluid.  The fluid is carried by the gears to the discharge side of the pump, where the meshing of the gears displaces the fluid.

Also, the mechanical clearances are small— in the order of 10 μm. The tight clearances, along with the speed of rotation, effectively prevent the fluid from leaking backwards.

Gear_pump_exploded

 

Also, the rigid design of the gears and houses allow for very high pressures and the ability to pump highly viscous fluids.

In addition, many variations exist, including; helical and herringbone gear sets (instead of spur gears), lobe shaped rotors similar to Roots blowers (commonly used as superchargers), and mechanical designs that allow the stacking of pumps.

Furthermore, the most common variations are shown below (the drive gear is shown blue and the idler is shown purple).

An external precision gear pump is usually limited to a maximum working pressure of 210 bars (21,000 kPa) and a maximum speed of 3,000 rpm. 

Furthermore, suction and pressure ports need to interface where the gears mesh (shown as dim gray lines in the internal pump images).  Some internal gear pumps have an additional, crescent-shaped seal (shown above, right).

 

Gear Pumps formulas:

 

  • Flow rate in US gal/min = Pump Capacity X rpm
  • Power in hp = US gal/min X (lbf/in³)/1714

Also, Gear Pumps are used in:

 

  • Petrochemicals: Pure or filled bitumen, pitch, diesel oil, crude oil, lube oil etc.
  • Chemicals: Sodium silicate, acids, plastics, mixed chemicals, isocyanates etc.
  • Paint and ink.
  • Resins and adhesives.
  • Pulp and paper: acid, soap, lye, black liquor, kaolin, lime, latex, sludge etc.
  • Food: Chocolate, cacao butter, fillers, sugar, vegetable fats and oils, molasses, animal food etc.

Additional information

Weight25 lbs
Dimensions24 × 20 × 20 in
Flow Rate (GPM)

0-3, 0-7.5, 0-15, 0-30, 0-60, 0-120

Connection Ends

NPT Threaded, Flanged, Triclamp

Specifications

Materials of Composition Available:  304SS, 316SS and Carbon Steel.

 

Drawings

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Downloads

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