A Comprehensive Guide

Class 1 Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium Motors are used in the world of industrial equipment. This is where safety and efficiency are paramount, Class 1, Division 1 Rated motors represent a pinnacle of technological advancement. These Nema motors are designed to withstand the most demanding conditions. These conditions include hazardous locations where explosive gases or dust may be present. The critical nature of these environments requires motors that not only offer high operational efficiency but are also explosion-proof to ensure the safety of personnel and infrastructure. This guide explores the significance of NEMA Premium motors, renowned for their superior energy efficiency and robust design. Finally, making them an indispensable choice for industries operating in such challenging conditions.

This article delves into the essential aspects of Class 1, Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium motors, covering their design specifications. The NEMA Premium certification process, and key features that distinguish these efficiency motors from standard options. Further, it outlines the broad spectrum of applications and industries where these motors are a necessity. This underscores the potential cost savings and return on investment they offer and highlights the compliance and standards they meet. Selecting the right NEMA enclosure types for specific operational needs, addressing the challenges encountered in hazardous locations. Also, it is proposing solutions to overcome these hurdles are also critically examined. By providing a comprehensive overview, this guide aims to assist decision-makers in navigating the complexities. The complexities of choosing the appropriate explosion-proof motors for their operations.

Understanding NEMA Premium Motors

Definition and Importance

NEMA Premium® motors, established by the member companies of the NEMA Motor and Generator Section, represent a crucial advancement in motor technology. These motors are defined by their “premium efficiency,” a consensus standard aimed at providing highly energy-efficient products for users and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Additionally, the use of the NEMA Premium® logo signifies adherence to these high standards. This ensures that the motors not only meet but often exceed the required efficiency levels 1 3 4 7.

Benefits of Using NEMA Premium Motors

NEMA Premium® labeled motors are designed to optimize motor systems efficiency significantly. By reducing electrical power consumption and operational costs, these motors offer an economic advantage. Additionally, they enhance system reliability and contribute to environmental sustainability by preventing nearly 80 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions over a decade. This is equivalent to removing 16 million cars from the roads, showcasing their substantial role in promoting cleaner energy use 1 7 8.

How NEMA Premium Motors Contribute to Energy Efficiency

NEMA Premium motors are pivotal in reducing energy consumption. This is particularly in the industrial and commercial sectors where electric motors account for nearly 40% of total electricity usage. These motors operate at high efficiency across a broad range of load values, with peak efficiency typically occurring at around 80% load. In addition, the design includes more copper and iron. As a result, it increases electrical conductivity and, consequently, the overall energy efficiency of the motors. This design not only meets but exceeds the standards set by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). As a result, making them the highest tier of motor efficiency available in the U.S. 2 5 9.

By integrating these high-efficiency motors, industries can achieve substantial energy savings and reduce their power bills. For example, a reduction of 2.6 kW in motor power consumption can result in savings of 20,800 kWh annually, assuming the motor operates for 8,000 hours a year. This translates into significant cost savings and a reduction in energy usage, underlining the importance of upgrading to NEMA Premium motors wherever possible 2 5 9.

The NEMA Premium Certification Process

Criteria for Certification

The NEMA Premium Certification Process begins with a rigorous conformity assessment, reflecting the principles of the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement (TBT) of the World Trade Organization (WTO). This assessment ensures that products meet international standards for safety and efficiency 16. NEMA’s position on testing and labeling reinforces the importance of these standards, advocating for consistent and accurate representation of product capabilities to facilitate informed decision-making by consumers 16. Laboratory accreditation plays a crucial role in this process, involving a comprehensive evaluation of a laboratory’s ability to conduct testing in accordance with international standards 16. This ensures that the testing and certification of NEMA Premium motors are conducted with the highest level of accuracy and reliability.

The Role of NEMA in the Certification Process

NEMA plays a pivotal role in the certification process by developing and maintaining standards that promote safety, efficiency, and clear communication between manufacturers and consumers. These standards are crucial for the design, production, and distribution of products in both national and international markets 17. The process of creating consensus in the standards process, standardization policies and procedures, and the development of NEMA standards are all integral components managed by NEMA. This organization also provides resources on how to read, purchase, and understand NEMA standards, as well as technical FAQs and guides 17. Through these efforts, NEMA ensures that manufacturers adhere to the highest standards of quality and efficiency.

How Manufacturers Achieve NEMA Premium Status

Manufacturers achieve NEMA Premium status through compliance with specific guidelines and participation in the NEMA Premium License Program. This program is distinct from other regulatory programs and requires manufacturers to submit certification forms and test data, proving that required testing has been completed 13. The purposes of the program include establishing a verification program to promote marketplace confidence. Additionally, requiring the submission of certification forms and test data. Finally, updating the royalty structure to maintain the NEMA Premium Program 13.

Manufacturers agree to utilize the methodology and test procedures set forth in applicable appendices and can certify their motors as “NEMA Premium Efficiency Electric Motors” upon meeting these requirements 13. Additionally, manufacturers must submit an annual certificate from an Accredited Laboratory, accredited under the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) of the United States National Institute of Standards and Testing (NIST), confirming that the testing required was performed for qualified products 13. Participation in the annual Verification Program and adherence to the Verification Program guidelines are also required for manufacturers to apply the NEMA Premium Mark to qualifying products 13.

Key Features of NEMA Premium Explosion Proof Motors

Design Specifications

NEMA Premium explosion-proof motors are meticulously engineered to operate in environments with explosive atmospheres, ensuring robust construction and a flame retention system. These motors boast gaps between parts that are carefully designed, precise machining on the terminal box, and screws with high mechanical strength. They meet the stringent requirements of explosive atmospheres Class 1 Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium Motors are certified for Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) service, showcasing their versatility and reliability in hazardous locations 19. Standard specifications include a 60 Hz frequency, 575 V voltage, 2 number of poles, IP55 degree of protection, and a synchronous speed of 3600 rpm. Additionally, they feature an output rating of 5 HP, foot-mounted or flange C mounting, and a left position terminal box, encapsulated in an IC411 – TEFC enclosure 19.

Safety and Reliability Enhancements

Safety and reliability are paramount in the design of Class 1 Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium Motors. They are constructed to withstand the forces of explosions as required by UL, featuring Class F insulation and Class B temperature rise for enhanced safety. The motors are designed for a 40˚C ambient temperature and up to 3300 ft. elevation, ensuring reliable operation in diverse environmental conditions. Notably, these motors include a grounding terminal inside the main conduit box, oversized main conduit box rotatable in 90-degree increments, and dual drilled back feet on specific frames, further enhancing their safety and reliability in hazardous locations. The use of stainless-steel breather drains with bronze filters for horizontal mount only, and a cast iron frame, fan cover, end brackets, and main conduit box underscore their robustness 20.

Energy Efficiency Comparisons with Standard Motors

NEMA Premium explosion-proof motors offer improved efficiencies of 2 to 8% over standard motors. This efficiency gain is achieved through several means, including the use of up to 60% more copper in the winding, which reduces resistance losses and operating temperatures. The design improvements extend to windage and other losses, with the use of higher-quality steels in an increased number of thinner laminations reducing core losses from the stator and rotor. A narrowed air gap between the rotor and stator improves the intensity of the magnetic flux, enabling the same torque at reduced power input. Complex rotor bar designs enhance starting torque while maintaining efficient full-speed operation. These features not only contribute to the energy efficiency of Class 1 Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium Motors but also result in substantial cost savings and environmental benefits by reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions 27.

By integrating these key features, Class 1 Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium Motors stand out as a superior choice for applications in hazardous locations, offering unmatched safety, reliability, and energy efficiency.

Applications and Industries

Industrial Applications

NEMA Premium® motors are engineered for maximum uptime and minimal maintenance, making them ideal for demanding industrial applications. These motors drive the performance of businesses in various sectors with their quality construction and optimum efficiency. Industries such as water and wastewater, mining, metallurgy, electric power, cement, and petrochemicals rely on these motors for their operations. The rigorous requirements for motors applied to industrial and municipal applications, specifically those operating on voltages 600 volts or less and rated 500 horsepower or less, demonstrate the broad applicability of NEMA Premium motors in the industrial sector 31 32 33.

Municipal Applications

Municipalities benefit significantly from the adoption of NEMA Premium® motors, particularly in applications operating more than 2,000 hours per year at greater than 75 percent of full load. These motors are crucial in supporting the infrastructure that serves communities, including water and wastewater management. The publication General Specification for Consultants – Industrial and Municipal: NEMA Premium Efficiency Electric Motors (600 Volts or Less) outlines the minimum requirements for these motors, ensuring their effective use in municipal applications 31 32.

Unique Applications Benefiting from Explosion Proof Models

Explosion-proof motors, specifically those that are Class 1, Division 1 rated, find unique applications in environments requiring the highest safety standards. These motors are designed to prevent the ignition of flammable gases, vapors, or dust particles, making them essential for mills, pumps, fans, blowers, and other applications in explosive atmospheres. Industries with hazardous environments, such as those dealing with highly combustible materials, benefit from the safety and reliability of explosion-proof motors. The use of these motors helps in complying with strict safety regulations, thus avoiding legal penalties and ensuring continuous production without costly shutdowns 32 33 35.

In summary, NEMA Premium® and explosion-proof motors are pivotal in a wide range of applications across industrial and municipal sectors, as well as in unique environments where safety and efficiency are of utmost concern. Their adoption not only enhances operational efficiency and safety but also contributes to significant energy savings and environmental benefits.

Cost Savings and ROI

Long-term Energy Savings

NEMA Premium® motors significantly optimize motor system efficiency, leading to considerable reductions in electrical power consumption and costs. The program is projected to save 5,800 gigawatts of electricity, effectively preventing nearly 80 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions over the next decade. This environmental impact is equivalent to removing 16 million cars from the road 3843. These motors are specifically designed for industrial, commercial, and municipal applications, operating more than 2,000 hours per year at greater than 75 percent full load, which underscores their role in achieving long-term energy savings 43.

Reduced Maintenance Costs

Premium efficiency motors are not only about energy savings but also about reducing maintenance and replacement costs. These motors are built with larger-diameter copper windings, higher grade steel laminations, and specially designed precision air gaps, which allow them to run cooler than standard motors. The reduced operating temperature decreases the wear on components, thereby extending the motor’s lifespan and reducing the frequency and costs associated with maintenance and replacement. Additionally, the cooler operation results in less waste heat, reducing ventilation requirements and further contributing to energy savings 45.

Calculating the Return on Investment

To understand the financial benefits of NEMA Premium® motors, it is essential to look beyond their initial purchase price. Although premium motors can cost 15 – 30% more than standard efficiency motors, the majority of a motor’s lifetime cost comes from its electricity use, which accounts for up to 97% of the total. For instance, a motor with a purchase price of $1600 may incur over $80,000 in energy costs over its lifetime. The energy savings from using a premium efficiency motor can quickly offset the higher initial cost, often within a few months, and continue to provide savings throughout the motor’s life 45.

Table: Example of Return on Investment for NEMA Premium® Motors

Motor TypeInitial Cost DifferenceAnnual Energy SavingsPayback Period10-Year Savings
50 HP Motor$966 (compared to repair)$1,18410 months$11,840
100 HP MotorBased on efficiency gainsVaries<2 yearsSee note*

*Note: Savings are based on a 0.10 cents per kWh energy cost. Actual savings may be higher in areas with higher energy costs 41.

Upgrading to NEMA Premium® motors yields a higher ROI, especially when operating schedules are long. Energy savings are a product of power savings and hours of operation, making these motors a financially sound choice in the long term. Moreover, premium efficiency motors are generally made to higher manufacturing standards. This can lead to reduced downtime and lower repair costs over the motor’s lifespan 42.

By considering these factors, it becomes clear that investing in NEMA Premium® motors is not just an environmentally conscious decision but also a financially wise one, offering significant cost savings and a strong return on investment.

Compliance and Standards

NEMA Premium vs. International Standards

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) both set standards for electric motors. Each has distinct approaches and implications for global compliance. NEMA’s standards, particularly through its MG 1 publication, offer robust design principles that ensure broad applicability and ease of selection for users in North America. In contrast, the IEC focuses on performance and application-specific criteria. Additionally, necessitating a deeper understanding of motor characteristics like load and duty cycle for appropriate selection. Notably, while NEMA has established efficiency classifications such as “Energy Efficient” and “Premium Efficient,” IEC has developed a range of efficiency classes from IE1 to IE4, and even IE5 in some cases, which are recognized globally 464748.

Understanding Compliance for Installation

Compliance with NEMA standards is critical not only in the manufacturing of motors but also in their installation and operational phases. For motors to be installed in the U.S., they must meet the efficiency levels mandated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), which as of recent updates, align with NEMA’s Premium efficiency standards. This includes integral horsepower motors and specific classes like fire pump motors, which have slightly different requirements due to their unique operational characteristics. In Canada and Mexico, similar regulations apply, with Canada closely following U.S. standards and Mexico focusing on motors sold through distribution 47.

Upcoming Regulations and Their Impact

Looking ahead, the DOE has expanded the types and sizes of motors that must comply with higher efficiency standards. Specifically, NEMA Premium and Super Premium efficiency standards. This expansion is part of a broader initiative to enhance energy efficiency across various motor applications. This significantly impacting manufacturers and users in terms of compliance and market readiness. In addition, the new regulations, set to take effect in stages through 2029. This will require a range of motors from 1 hp up to 750 hp to meet these elevated standards. These changes are expected to lead to substantial energy savings and a reduction in carbon emissions. This will align with global efforts to improve environmental sustainability and operational efficiency in motor usage 5253.

Selecting the Right NEMA Premium Motor

When embarking on the journey to select the right NEMA Premium motor, it is essential to consider several factors to ensure that the chosen motor meets both efficiency and application requirements. In addition, the process involves understanding the specific needs of the application, comparing NEMA Premium motors with non-NEMA Premium alternatives, and consulting with manufacturers and experts to make an informed decision.

Factors to Consider

  1. Operational Requirements: The operational requirements of the application are paramount. In addition, this includes the voltage, horsepower, and the type of load the motor will drive. NEMA Premium motors are designed for three-phase AC induction motors applied to municipal and industrial/commercial applications. Also, operating on voltages 600 volts or less and rated 500 horsepower or less. Finally, when it operates more than 2000 hours per year at greater than 75 percent full-load 61.
  2. Efficiency and Cost Savings: The efficiency levels of NEMA Premium motors translate into significant energy and cost savings. It is estimated that the NEMA Premium efficiency motor program could save 5,800 gigawatts of electricity. This will prevent nearly 80 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions over the next 10 years 61.
  3. Compliance with Standards: Ensuring the motor meets NEMA Premium standards is crucial for compliance and efficiency. In addition, NEMA Premium Efficiency motors exceed the minimum efficiency required by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), covering motors with characteristics such as rated capacity from 1 hp to 500 hp, three-phase, low-voltage power supply, and NEMA Design A and B 60.

Comparison with Non-NEMA Premium Motors

When comparing NEMA Premium motors with non-NEMA Premium motors, several key differences emerge:

  • Efficiency Gains: NEMA Premium motors operate at higher efficiency for all load values above 50%, reaching their peak efficiency at around 80% load. Even small efficiency gains can result in significant power loss reduction and cost savings 60.
  • Long-Term Savings: Although NEMA Premium motors may have a higher initial cost, the long-term energy savings and reduced maintenance costs make them a financially attractive option. The program is projected to save 5,800 gigawatts of electricity, equivalent to preventing nearly 80 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions 61.
  • Operational Reliability: NEMA Premium motors are designed to improve system reliability, which is critical for applications operating in demanding environments 61.

Consulting with Manufacturers and Experts

Before making a final decision, consulting with manufacturers and experts is highly recommended. This step ensures that the motor is properly sized for the application, which is critical for achieving maximum energy savings. It is advisable to establish a motor performance baseline through measurements such as motor amperage at full load operation, temperature readings at bearings, and vibration readings. In addition, these indicators help assess the motor system’s performance and make an informed decision regarding the payback of replacing the motor with a premium efficiency motor 62.

Additionally, manufacturers can provide valuable insights into the latest technologies and solutions that may offer even higher efficiency levels, such as motors that achieve IE5-equivalent efficiency levels through variable speed drives 58. Consulting with your motor supplier to ensure proper motor selection and to perform the Premium Efficiency Motor Payback Calculation is essential for optimizing motor systems efficiency, reducing electrical power consumption and costs, and improving system reliability 62.

In conclusion, selecting the right NEMA Premium motor involves careful consideration of operational requirements. Also, efficiency and cost savings, compliance with standards, and consultation with manufacturers and experts. In addition, by following these guidelines, users can optimize their motor systems for maximum efficiency. Also, reliability, contributing to significant energy savings and environmental benefits.

Challenges and Solutions

Integrating Class 1, Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium motors into industrial and municipal systems poses several challenges, from ensuring compatibility with existing equipment to navigating the intricacies of installation in hazardous locations. However, with the right approaches and considerations, these challenges can be effectively addressed, ensuring the benefits of these high-efficiency motors are fully realized. This section explores common installation challenges, solutions for integration into existing systems, and strategies for futureproofing with NEMA Premium motors.

Common Installation Challenges

  1. Increased Starting Current: Premium Efficiency and Super Premium Efficiency motors may draw a higher starting current than Standard Efficiency and High Efficiency Motors. In addition, this can lead to unwanted tripping depending on motor technology, installation quality, electrical wiring, and devices used 64 70.
  2. Compatibility with Control Systems: When integrating an actuator into a third-party control system, a significant number of factors, including encoder types, speed, force, current, voltage calculations, and operating modes, must be considered to ensure successful application 69.
  3. Environmental Protection: Protecting components from environmental factors in medical, industrial, or mobile applications presents a challenge. In addition, evaluating ingress points for motors/actuators, electrical connections, and drives is crucial for maintaining system integrity 69.
  4. VFD-Related Issues: VFDs control motors with a simulated sine wave known as pulse width modulation (PWM), which can create peak voltages high enough to break through motor insulation and short out motor windings. Additionally, VFDs can generate shaft currents that damage motor bearings and reduce cooling effectiveness at lower speeds 65.

Solutions for Integration into Existing Systems

  1. Selecting the Correct Motor Controllers: To mitigate the issue of increased starting currents, it’s essential to ensure that the electrical characteristics specified by the motor manufacturer match those of the motor starter equipment. In addition, using tools like ABB’s Selected Optimized Coordination (SOC) tool for selecting starter components can help prevent unwanted tripping 64 70.
  2. Ensuring Proper Feedback Device Selection: Verifying solutions with applications engineer and ensuring the feedback device is compatible with the intended drive manufacturer are critical steps. Considerations should include single turn resolutions, accuracy, temperature, shock, and vibration 69.
  3. Utilizing VFD-Rated Motors: To protect against VFD-related issues, using “VFD-rated” motors as defined by NEMA MG1 part 31 is recommended. These motors are designed to withstand the peak voltages created by VFDs and protect against shaft currents 65.
  4. Addressing Environmental Challenges: Evaluating and protecting against environmental ingress points is essential for maintaining system integrity in harsh conditions. Finally, this includes selecting appropriate specifications for power and feedback cables 69.

Futureproofing with NEMA Premium Motors

  1. Adopting NEMA Premium Motors for Repairs and Replacements: Considering NEMA Premium motors when repairing or rewinding failed standard-efficiency motors or as replacements for older. Resulting, in a lower-efficiency motors can be cost-effective. This is especially true when annual operation exceeds 2,000 hours. Also, when utility rates are high, or electric utility motor rebates are available 71.
  2. Evaluating Long-term Cost Savings: Despite the higher initial cost, NEMA Premium motors typically offer significant long-term energy savings. An example calculation for a 75-hp motor replacement shows an annual energy cost savings of $851. This emphasizes the rapid return on investment and the importance of considering energy and maintenance costs over the motor’s lifespan 71.

By addressing these challenges and implementing the recommended solutions, users can effectively integrate NEMA Premium motors into existing systems. This ensures operational efficiency, safety, and long-term cost savings. Futureproofing with these motors not only enhances system performance but also contributes to environmental sustainability.


Throughout this comprehensive guide, the pivotal role of Class 1, Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium motors in ensuring operational efficiency, safety, and environmental sustainability in hazardous industrial environments has been thoroughly examined. From delving into the essential design specifications and certification processes to exploring their broad spectrum of applications and significant energy and cost-saving benefits, the guide underscores the unmatched advantages of these motors. Their adherence to stringent safety standards and superior energy efficiency not only makes them an indispensable choice for industries but also champions environmental stewardship by significantly reducing carbon footprints.

Looking forward, the integration of NEMA Premium motors presents a promising avenue for industries striving to enhance safety measures. Additionally, it optimizes energy consumption, and achieve considerable long-term savings. While challenges in installation and compatibility may arise, the solutions outlined affirm the feasibility. It is also good to review the benefits of transitioning to these high-efficiency motors. As industries continue to evolve, the importance of adopting NEMA Premium motors becomes increasingly clear. It is good to position them as a key driver for operational excellence, compliance with evolving standards, and a sustainable future.

FAQs for Class 1 Division 1 Rated NEMA Premium Motors

What is the purpose of NEMA Premium® labeled electric motors? NEMA Premium® labeled electric motors are designed to enhance the efficiency of motor systems, significantly reducing electricity consumption and operational costs. They also aim to improve the reliability of these systems. The implementation of NEMA Premium® efficiency motor programs is projected to save approximately 5,800 gigawatts of electricity.

What characteristics define a NEMA Class A motor? NEMA Class A motors are characterized by their medium to high starting current. Furthermore, they must maintain a normal breakdown torque, which is the highest torque they can achieve at rated voltage and frequency without a drop in speed. Additionally, they must have a specified locked rotor torque, which is the torque the motor produces from a standstill.

How are NEMA rated motors classified? NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) rates motors and motor starters based on their sizes, which are determined by the rated current and power capacity of the motor. Furthermore, this classification helps in selecting the appropriate motor for specific applications.

What are the specific requirements for motors in Class 1 Division 2 environments? Motors that are suitable for Class 1 Division 2 areas, such as TEFC (Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled) motors, must be free of potential ignition sources including switching mechanisms, arcing brushes, centrifugal switches, or capacitors. Additionally, the internal, external, and maximum surface temperatures of the motor must comply with the temperature ratings (T code) specified for that particular area to prevent ignition risks.


[1] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[2] – https://www.ny-engineers.com/blog/nema-premium-efficiency-motors
[3] – https://www.nema.org/standards/technical/nema-premium
[4] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[5] – https://www.ny-engineers.com/blog/nema-premium-efficiency-motors
[7] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[8] – https://worldwideelectric.com/articles/understanding-premium-efficiency-motors/
[9] – https://www.ny-engineers.com/blog/nema-premium-efficiency-motors
[10] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[11] – https://www.nema.org/docs/default-source/products-document-library/nema-premium-licensee-agreement.pdf
[12] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-faq
[13] – https://www.nema.org/docs/default-source/products-document-library/nema-premium-licensee-agreement.pdf
[14] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[15] – https://www.nema.org/standards/technical/the-abcs-of-conformity-assessment/faqs-product-certification-and-testing
[16] – https://www.nema.org/standards/technical/the-abcs-of-conformity-assessment/faqs-product-certification-and-testing
[17] – https://www.nema.org/standards/about-standards
[18] – https://www.polycase.com/techtalk/nema-rated-enclosures/understanding-enclosure-types-the-ultimate-guide-to-nema-ratings.html
[19] – https://www.weg.net/catalog/weg/US/en/Electric-Motors/AC-Motors—NEMA/Explosion-Proof-DIP/Class-I-%26-Class-II/Explosion-Proof/W21-Explosion-proof-Motor-NEMA-Premium-Efficiency-5-HP-2P-184TC-3Ph-575-V-60-Hz-IC411—TEFC—Foot-mounted/p/12408339
[20] – https://www.tecowestinghouse.com/product/texp-nema-premium-efficiency-explosion-proof/
[21] – https://www.wolongamerica.com/nema-premium-explosion-proof-motors
[22] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[23] – https://worldwideelectric.com/articles/understanding-premium-efficiency-motors/
[24] – https://library.e.abb.com/public/d1fabc89512548f09d3c09f1947115ae/1SBC100225M0201_Application%20Note%20-%20Motor%20starting%20and%20protection%20for%20NEMA%20Premium%20Efficiency.pdf
[25] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[26] – https://www.energy.gov/eere/amo/articles/when-purchase-premium-efficiency-motors
[27] – https://www.emtfsask.ca/pdfs/hipremeffmo.pdf
[28] – https://www.weg.net/catalog/weg/VE/en/Motores-El%C3%A9ctricos/Motores-NEMA-de-Baja-Tensi%C3%B3n/%C3%81reas-Clasificadas—NEMA/A-Prueba-de-Explosi%C3%B3n—Clase-I-Divisi%C3%B3n-1/W21Xd-NEMA-Premium-Efficiency—Clase-I-Divisi%C3%B3n-1/W21-Prueba-de-Explosi%C3%B3n-NEMA-Premium-Efficiency-125-HP-6P-444-5T-3F-208-230-460-380-V-60-Hz-IC411—TEFC—Con-pies/p/12777942
[29] – https://www.wolongamerica.com/nema-premium-explosion-proof-motors
[30] – https://www.weg.net/catalog/weg/PR/en/Electric-Motors/Low-Voltage-NEMA-Motors/NEMA-Hazardous-Area-Motors/Explosion-Proof—Class-I-Div-1/W21Xd-NEMA-Premium-Efficiency—Class-I-Div-1/W21-Flameproof-Motor-NEMA-Premium-Efficiency-1-5-HP-2P-143T-3Ph-208-230-460-V-60-Hz-IC411—TEFC—Foot-mounted/p/12014790
[31] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[32] – https://www.nema.org/standards/view/General-Specification-for-Consultants-Industrial-and-Municipal-NEMA-Premium-Efficiency-Electric-Motors
[33] – https://www.aurora-motors.com/industries-served/industries.html
[34] – https://hoyermotors.com/about-hoyer/information/knowledge-bank/understanding-premium-efficiency-motors/
[35] – https://www.regalrexnord.com/regal-rexnord-insights/explosion-proof-motors-in-mills
[37] – https://acim.nidec.com/motors/usmotors/-/media/USMotors/Documents/Literature/Datasheets/Product-Data-Sheets/PDS_NEMAPremium.pdf
[38] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[39] – https://www.copper.org/environment/sustainable-energy/electric-motors/education/motorad_oct01.html
[40] – https://www.copper.org/environment/sustainable-energy/electric-motors/education/motor_text.html
[41] – https://acim.nidec.com/motors/usmotors/-/media/USMotors/Documents/Literature/Datasheets/Product-Data-Sheets/PDS_NEMAPremium.pdf
[42] – https://www.ny-engineers.com/blog/nema-premium-efficiency-motors
[43] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[44] – https://www.regalrexnord.com/innovations/nema-premium-efficiencies-reducing-cost
[45] – https://automation.gogcg.com/blog/reducing-electricity-cost-through-use-of-premium-efficiency-motors
[46] – https://new.abb.com/news/detail/70167/nema-vs-iec-efficiencies
[47] – https://www.plantengineering.com/articles/differences-between-nema-and-iec-electric-motors/
[48] – https://www.regalrexnord.com/regal-rexnord-insights/iec-standards-vs-nema-standards-for-electrical-performance
[49] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[50] – https://www.nema.org/docs/default-source/products-document-library/nema-premium-licensee-agreement.pdf
[51] – https://www.nema.org/standards/technical/nema-premium
[52] – https://www.pumpsandsystems.com/what-users-should-know-about-department-energys-latest-motor-rules
[53] – https://www.nema.org/news-trends/view/department-of-energy-issues-motor-efficiency-standards-based-on-recommendations-from-joint-stakeholders
[54] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[55] – https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2024/05/25/remarks-by-president-biden-in-commencement-address-to-the-united-states-military-academy-at-west-point-west-point-ny/
[56] – https://www.foxnews.com/politics/biden-repeats-football-claim-west-point-graduates-commencement-address
[57] – https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2022/08/22/the-untold-history-of-the-biden-family
[58] – https://new.abb.com/news/detail/70167/nema-vs-iec-efficiencies
[59] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[60] – https://www.ny-engineers.com/blog/nema-premium-efficiency-motors
[61] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[62] – https://www.readingelectric.com/nema-premium-efficiency-motors/
[64] – https://library.e.abb.com/public/d1fabc89512548f09d3c09f1947115ae/1SBC100225M0201_Application%20Note%20-%20Motor%20starting%20and%20protection%20for%20NEMA%20Premium%20Efficiency.pdf
[65] – https://www.wwdmag.com/wastewater-treatment/article/10939122/5-top-motor-issues-for-vfds
[67] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors
[68] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-faq
[69] – https://www.tolomatic.com/info-center/resource-details/guide-to-third-party-motor-integration/
[70] – https://library.e.abb.com/public/d1fabc89512548f09d3c09f1947115ae/1SBC100225M0201_Application%20Note%20-%20Motor%20starting%20and%20protection%20for%20NEMA%20Premium%20Efficiency.pdf
[71] – https://esrmotors.com/Literature/Efficiency/whentopurchase_nema_motor_systemts1.pdf
[72] – https://www.nema.org/membership/products/nema-premium-motors